Board Certified in Neurofeedback
Ascend Counseling and Neurofeedback has been certified by the most rigorous certification boards in the world. The process involves 36 hours of classroom training, direct mentoring, additional course work, and a comprehensive exam. In addition, we are held by some of the strictest ethics and professional standard in the industry. For more information about BCIA or the professional standards they require, click the link below.
Initial Assessment and QEEG Brain map
In your first session we will gather your background information, have you take a detailed assessment of symptoms, discussed the goals you would like to achieve through neurofeedback, and record your brain waves. This recording is used to create a detailed map of your brain and develop a custom-tailored treatment plan. The information revealed through the QEEG goes beyond the brain and has the ability to detect other contributing factors such as food allergies. All of this information goes into the treatment plan to create a holistic approach focused on healing your whole body.
Neurofeedback training is conducted through the process of operant conditioning. However, instead of training behavior, we train neural-columns. A neural-column is a section of the brain between the Thalmus and the Cerebral Cortex. During the QEEG 19 neural-columns were mapped in-depth and correlated with various symptoms. During the training portion, only the areas that need to be trained are focused on. To illustrate what this looks like, suppose the QEEG revealed an excess of fast brain waves in the center of the brain. Sensors would be activated over these areas and would only allow a reward when the power of these areas dropped below a given value. The reward is generally a movie of your choice and when your brain is firing under the allowed threshold movie turns on, when it fires with too much power the movie fades out. All you have to do is watch the movie and allow your brain to reprogram itself.
The QEEG maps pinpoint the areas that need to be trained which are then correlated with symptoms. For example, an excess of Theta or Alpha in the front of the head or too much of it on the left side is known to cause depression. This is why anti-depressants reduce frontal alpha. In addition we know that too much Theta in the center of the brain causes inattention or ADHD which is why the medication of choice is a Methylphenidate known to speed the slow waves up. To help give an idea of what some disorders look like on a brain map scroll through the ones below.
Published Research on Neurofeedback
Research has shown that neurofeedback is effective in the treatment of several common disorders. In addition to treating disorders, neurofeedback has been proven to increase both academic and physical performance. For this reason, neurofeedback has been used by organizations like the US Navy, the NFL, and NASA. The following are some research articles that support the effectiveness of neurofeedback.
ADHD AND LEARNING DISABILITIES
Beauregard, M., & Levesque, J. (2006). Functional magnetic resonance imaging investigation of the effects of neurofeedback training on the neural bases of selective attention and response inhibition in children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder. Applied Psychophysiology & Biofeedback, 31(1), 3-20.
Becerra J, Fernndez T, Harmony T, Caballero MI, Garcia F, Fernandez-Bouzas A, Santiago-Rodriguez E, Prado-Alcalá RA. (2006) "Follow-up study of learning disabled children treated with neurofeedback or placebo." Clinical EEG & Neuroscience, 37 (3), 98-203.
Breteler, M. H. M., Arns, M., Peters, S., Giepmans, I., & Verhoeven, L. (2010). Improvements in spelling after QEEG-based neurofeedback in dyslexia: A randomized controlled treatment study. Applied Psychophysiology & Biofeedback, 35(1), 5-11.
Egner, T., & Gruzelier, J. H. (2004). EEG biofeedback of low beta band components: Frequency-specific effects on variables of attention and event-related brain potentials. Clinical Neurophysiology, 115(1), 131-139.
Escolano, C., Navarro-Gil, M., Garcia-Campayo, J., Congedo, M. & Minqueez, j. (2014). The effects of individual upper alpha neurofeedback in ADHD: An open-label pilot study. Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback: early E-Pub Sept 9
Fleischman, M. J., & Othmer, S. (2005). Case study: Improvements in IQ score and maintenance of gains following EEG biofeedback with mildly developmentally delayed twins. Journal of Neurotherapy, 9(4), 35-46.
Foks, M. (2005). Neurofeedback training as an educational intervention in a school setting: How the regulation of arousal states can lead to improved attention and behavior in children with special needs. Educational & Child Psychology, 22(3), 67-77.
Fuchs, T., Birbaumer, N., Lutzenberger, W., Gruzelier, J. H., & Kaiser, J. (2003). Neurofeedback treatment for attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder in children: A comparison with methylphenidate. Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback, 28, 1-12.
Gani C, Birbaumer N & Strehl U. (2008). Long term effects after feedback of slow cortical potentials and of theta-beta amplitudes in children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). International Journal of Bioelectromagnetism, 10(4), 209-232
Gevensleben H, Moll H, Rothenberger A, Heinrich H. (2011). The usage of neurofeedback with children with ADHD: The method and its evaluation. Prax Kinderpsychol Kinderpsychiatr. 2011;60(8):666-76.
Gevensleben, H., Holl, B., Albrecht,B., Vogel, C., Schlamp, D., Kratz, O., Studer,P., Rothenberger, A., Moll,G. H. & Heinrich, H. (2009). Is neurofeedback an efficacious treatment for ADHD? A randomized controlled clinical trial. The Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry; 74(2). 149-157.
Ghaziri J, Tucholka A, Larue V, Blanchette-Sylvestre M, Reyburn G, Gilbert G, Lévesque J, Beauregard M. Neurofeedback Training Induces Changes in White and Gray Matter. Clin EEG Neurosci. 2013 Mar 26.
Hammond, D. C. (2006). What is neurofeedback? Journal of Neurotherapy; 10(4). 25-36.
Hansen, L. M., Trudeau, D., & Grace, L. (1996). Neurotherapy and drug therapy in combination for adult ADHD, personality disorder, and seizure. Journal of Neurotherapy, 2(1), 6-14.
Kaiser, D. A., & Othmer, S. (2000). Effect of Neurofeedback on variables of attention in a large multi-center trial. Journal of Neurotherapy, 4(1), 5-15.
Linden, M., Habib, T., & Radojevic, V. (1996). A controlled study of the effects of EEG biofeedback on cognition and behavior of children with attention deficit disorder and learning disabilities. Biofeedback & Self-Regulation, 21(1), 35-49.
Lofthouse N, Arnold LE, Hersch S, Hurt E, DeBeus R. (2011). A review of neurofeedback for pediatric ADHD. Journal of Attention Disorders; 16(5). 351-372.
Loo, S., & Barkley, R. (2005). Clinical utility of EEG in attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder. Applied Neuropsychology, 12(2), 64-76.
Lubar, J. O., & Lubar, J. F. (1984). Electroencephalographic biofeedback of SMR and beta for treatment of attention deficit disorders in a clinical setting. Biofeedback & Self-Regulation, 9, 1-23.
Lubar, J. F., Swartwood, M. O., Swartwood, J. N., & O'Donnell, P. H. (1995). Evaluation of the effectiveness of EEG neurofeedback training for ADHD in a clinical setting as measured by changes in T.O.V.A., scores, behavioral ratings, and WISC-R
performance. Biofeedback & Self- Regulation, 20(1), 83-99.
Monastra, V. J., Monastra, D. M., & George, S. (2002). The effects of stimulant therapy, EEG biofeedback, and parenting style on the primary symptoms of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder. Applied Psychophysiology & Biofeedback, 27(4), 231-249.
Rasey, H. W., Lubar, J. E., McIntyre, A., Zoffuto, A. C., & Abbott, P. L. (1996). EEG biofeedback for the enhancement of attentional processing in normal college students. Journal of Neurotherapy, 1(3), 15-21.
Arns, M., de Ridder, S., Strehl, U., Breteler, M., Coenen, A. (2009). Efficacy of neurofeedback treatment in ADHD: The effects on attention, impulsivity, and hyperactivity: A meta-analysis. Clinical EEG and Neuroscience; 40(3). 180-189.
Anxiety, panic, and PTSD
Hammond, D. C. (2003). QEEG-guided neurofeedback in the treatment of obsessive-compulsive disorder. Journal of Neurotherapy, 7(2), 25-52.
Hardt, J. V., & Kamiya, J. (1978). Anxiety change through electroencephalographic alpha feedback seen only in high anxiety subjects. Science, 201, 79-81.
Huang,-Storms, L., Bodenhamer-Davis, E., Davis, R., & Dunn, J. (2006). QEEG-guided neurofeedback for children with histories of abuse and neglect: Neurodevelopmental rationale and pilot study. Journal of Neurotherapy, 10(4), 3-16.
Kerson, C., Sherman, R.A., Kozlowski, G.P. (2009). Alpha suppression and symmetry training for generalized anxiety disorders. Journal of Neurotherapy,13(3) 146-158.
Kleutsch, RC., Ros, T., Theberge, J., Frewen, PA., Calhoun, VD., Schmal, C., Jetly, R. & Lanius, RA. (2014). Plastic modulation of PTSD resting-state networks and subjective wellbeing by EEG neurofeedback. Acta Psychiatry Scand Aug:130(2). 123-36.
Rice, K. M., Blanchard, E. B., & Purcell, M. (1993). Biofeedback treatments of generalized anxiety disorder: Preliminary results. Biofeedback & Self-Regulation, 18, 93-105.
Thomas, J. E., & Sattlberger, B. A. (1997). Treatment of chronic anxiety disorder with neurotherapy: A case study. Journal of Neurotherapy, 2(2), 14-19.
Coben, R., & Pudolsky, I. (2007). Assessment-guided neurofeedback for autistic spectrum disorder. Journal of
Neurotherapy,11(1), 5-23. Jarusiewicz, B. (2002). Efficacy of neurofeedback for children in the autistic spectrum: A pilot study. Journal of Neurotherapy, 6(4), 39-49.
Kouijzer, M. E. UJ., de Moor, J. M. H., Gerrits, B. J. L., Buitelaar, J. K., & van Schie, H. T. (2009). Long-term effects of neurofeedback treatment in autism. Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders, 3, 496-501.
Pop-Jordanova, N & Plasevska-Karanfilska, D. (2014). Autism – Genetics, electrophysiology and clinical syndromes. Prilozi;35(1). 133-46.
Depression and Bipolar
Baehr, E., Rosenfeld, J. P., & Baehr, R. (1997). The clinical use of an alpha asymmetry protocol in the neurofeedback treatment of depression: Two case studies. Journal of Neurotherapy, 2(3), 10-23.
Baehr, E., Rosenfeld, J. P., & Baehr, R. (2001). Clinical use of an alpha asymmetry neurofeedback protocol in the treatment of mood disorders: Follow-up study one to five years post-therapy. Journal of Neurotherapy, 4(4), 11-18.
Hammond, D. C. (2001). Neurofeedback treatment of depression with the Roshi. Journal of Neurotherapy, 4(2), 45-56.
Peeters, F., Oehlen, M., Ronner, J., van Os, J & Lousberg, R. (2014). Neurofeedback as a treatment for major depressive disorder – A pilot study. PLoS One Mar 18;9(3).
Putnam, J. A., (2001). EEG biofeedback on a female stroke patient with depression: A case study. Journal of Neurotherapy, 5(3), 27-38
Raymond, J., Varney, C., Parkinson, L. A., & Gruzelier, J. H. (2005). The effects of alpha/theta neurofeedback on personality and mood. Cognitive Brain Research, 23, 287-292
Saxby, E., & Peniston, E. G. (1995). Alpha-theta brainwave neurofeedback training: an effective treatment for male and female alcoholics with depressive symptoms. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 51, 685-693.
Egner, T. & Gruzelier, JH. (2003). Ecological validity of neurofeedback: modulation of slow wave EEG enhances musical performance. NeuroReport, 14(9) 1221-1224.
Gruzelier, JH. (2014). EEG-neurofeedback for optimizing performance. II: Creativity, the performing arts and ecological validity. Neurosci Biobehav Rev: Jul:44. 142-158
Gruzelier, JH. (2014). EEG-neurofeedback for optimizing performance. I: A review of cognitive and affective outcome in healthy participants. Neurosci Biobehav Rev: Jul:44. 124-141.
Gruzelier, JH, Foks, M, Steffert, T, Chen, MJ. & Ros, T. (2013). Beneficial outcome from EEG-neurofeedback on creative music performance, attention and well-being in school children. Biol Psychol. 2013 Apr 25. pii: S0301- 0511(13)00099-9. doi: 10.1016/j.biopsycho.2013.04.005.
Hanslmayer, S., Sauseng, P., Doppelmayr, M., Schabus, M., & Klimesch, W. (2005). Increasing individual upper alpha by
neurofeedback improves cognitive performance in human subjects. Applied Psychophysiology & Biofeedback, 30(1), 1-10.
Hatfield, B, Haufler, A. (2009). Brain processes and neurofeedback for performance enhancement of precision motor behavior. NeuroImage, 5638 810-817.
Markovska-Simoska S, Pop-Jordanova N, Georgiev D. (2008). Simultaneous EEG and EMG biofeedback for peak
performance in musicians. Prilozi, 29(1): 239-252.
Andrews, D. J., & Schonfeld, W. H. (1992). Predictive factors for controlling seizures using a behavioral approach. Seizure, 1(2), 111-116.
Finley, W. W. (1976). Effects of sham-feedback following successful SMR training in an epileptic: A follow-up study. Biofeedback & Self-Regulation, 1, 227-235.
Finley, W. W. (1977). Operant conditioning of the EEG in two patients with epilepsy: Methodologic and clinical considerations. Pavlovian Journal of Biological Science, 12(2), 93-111
Finley, W. W., Smith, H. A., & Etherton, M. D. (1975). Reduction of seizures and normalization of the EEG in a severe epileptic following sensorimotor biofeedback training: Preliminary study. Biological Psychiatry, 2, 189-203.
Hanson, L. M., Trudeau, D. L., & Grace, D. L. (1996). Neurotherapy and drug therapy in combination for adult ADHD,
personality disorder, and seizure disorder: A case report. Journal of Neurotherapy, 2(1) 6-14.
Kaplan, B. J. (1975). Biofeedback in epileptics: Equivocal relationship of reinforced EEG frequency to seizure reduction. Epilepsia, 16, 477-485.
Kuhlman, W. N. (1978). EEG feedback training of epileptic patients: Clinical and electroencephalographic analysis.
Electroencephalography & Clinical Neurophysiology, 45(6), 699-710.
Lubar, J. F., & Bahler, W. W. (1976). Behavioral management of epileptic seizures following EEG biofeedback training of the sensorimotor rhythm. Biofeedback & Self-Regulation, 7, 77-104.
Lubar, J. F., Shabsin, H. S., Natelson, S. E. et al. (1981). EEG operant conditioning in intractable epileptics. Archives of Neurology, 38, 700-704.
Arns, M., Kenemans, JL. (2012). Neurofeedback in ADHD and insomnia: Vigilance stabilization through sleep
spindles and circadian networks. Neuroscience Biobehavioral Review
Berner, I., Schabus, M., Wienerroither, T., & Klimesch, W. (2006).
Hammer, BU., Colbert, AP., Brown, KA., Llioi, EC. (2011). Neurofeedback for insomnia: a pilot study of Z-score SMR and individualized protocols. Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback, 36(4): 251-264.
Reiner, M., Rozengurt, R. & Barnea, A. (2014). Better than sleep: Theta neurofeedback training accelerates memory consolidation. Biological Psychology:Jan;95(45). 45-53
Schabus, M., Heib DP., Lechinger J., Griessenberger H., Klimesch W., Pawlizki A., Kunz AB., Sterman BM. & Hoedlmoser K. (2014). Enhancing sleep quality and memory in insomnia using instrumental sensorimotor rhythm conditioning. Biological Psychology Jan;95. 126-134.
Sterman, MB., Shouse, MN. (1980). Quantitative analysis of training, sleep EEG and clinical response to EEG operant conditioning in epileptics. Electroencephalography and Clinical Neurophysiology, 49(5-6): 558-579.